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Wind Energy Study (WEST) Project.

Project Title:   Wind Energy Study (WEST) Project.
Type of Project Energy research
Duration:   July 1996-January 1998
Status:   Complete
Partner Organizations:   DFID, BCAS, LGED, Energy Technology Support Unit-UK
Key words: Wind energy, monitoring, technology, topography, household survey.
Main Objective:   1. To collect relevant information and data on the topographical condition of the wind-monitoring sites and to focus on the socio-economic characteristics of the people living around the monitoring sites. 2. To assess wind resource in the coastal region of Bangladesh and explore potentials for harnessing the resource as mechanical and electrical energy.
Brief Description: The project was conceived by BCAS as an attempt to collect wind-speed data through technically sound monitoring system. This study was the first of its kind undertaken in Bangladesh. BCAS was provided with technical assistance by the Energy Technology Support Unit (ESTU), Harwell, UK for the implementation of the project. Some of the wind monitoring sites were in Patenga (Chittagong), Sudharam (Noakhali), Charfassion (Bhola), Kuakata (Patuakhali) and Kutubdia (Cox’s Bazar). The methodology of the study included spot investigation of wind-monitoring sites and interviewing different socio-economic groups living around the monitoring sites. Topographical information of the wind-monitoring sites and interview methods were used to collect socio-economic and energy related data from different categories of energy users.
Output 1.Data collection of relevant wind speed and wind energy from Bangladesh sources 2.Data review in collaboration with the consultants 3.Determined the criteria for wind data collection 4.Undertook a socio-economic survey to provide baseline data of areas adjacent to the selected sites 5.Follow up the baseline socio-economic survey with a detailed study of how wind energy can improve the quality of life for people in the areas adjacent to the survey sites 6.Preparation of final report. The household survey around the wind-monitoring stations show that farming and fishing are the main occupation of the active male population. Other occupational groups include agricultural labour, small traders and vendors. Women are mostly engaged in domestic activities for example, raising poultry birds and livestock animals. The average monthly expenditure per household on kerosene and dry cell was Taka 126. A significant percentage (88) of the households also purchased fuel-wood for cooking. The average monthly expenditure per household on fuel-wood was Tk. 141. The potential users in the coastal area had positive attitude towards wind energy project. Detailed feasibility study, however, would be required for implementation of the wind energy project.
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