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Resettlement Baseline Survey of the Proposed Phulbari Coal Mine Project.

Project Title:   Resettlement Baseline Survey of the Proposed Phulbari Coal Mine Project.
Type of Project Energy research
Duration:   February- November 2005
Status:   Complete
Partner Organizations:   Asia Energy Corporation Pty. Ltd., SMEC International Pty. Ltd, and BCAS.
Key words: Resettlement survey, environmental assessment, national laws/ regulations.
Main Objective:   1. To enumerate project affected people (PAPS) including households and business enterprises, 2. to assess potential losses of movable and immovable assets, income sources and livelihoods of the PAPs, 3. to focus on the options, preferences and choices of the PAPs regarding their resettlement, compensation and livelihood restoration.
Brief Description: Processes (activities, project sites etc.): The Phulbari coal mining project required a comprehensive resettlement action plan as well as an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in compliance with the national laws/ regulations and international best practices. In order to formulate a realistic and well-designed resettlement action plan, a comprehensive resettlement survey was carried out in the project impact area. Many people live outside the project area but their assets lie within the project area. The resettlement survey of the proposed Phulbari Coal Project was carried out as part of the Social Impact Assessment (SIA) of the project. Methodological approach: Based on discussions with the concerned experts of the project executing agency and available information from the project documents, the methodology consisted of several steps and components such as: discussions with SMEC experts, review of relevant project documents, survey instruments, maps and secondary data, defining the study population/universe, implementation of field survey, data editing, coding, data entry, checking, clearing and processing and analysis for quality control and finally, generating survey outputs and preparation for reports. The resettlement survey followed a demographic survey carried out by Asia Energy and the list of the households was generated by that survey. BCAS surveyed 12,782 households and 1,524 business enterprises in 128 villages, 47 mouzas, 7 unions and one pourashava under 4 upazilas. The survey enumerated, recorded and assessed the l households in the project areas, household assets, dependence of households on different livelihood sources and income, business enterprises located in the project areas and households’ and business enterprise options and preferences with respect to relocation and compensations.
Output Results achieved/key findings/outputs: Resettlement household and enterprise survey were conducted as part of the preparation of a resettlement action plan. Field data were collected using questionnaires by field enumerators. Cross checking of questionnaires by the field supervisors were carried out for quality control. Coding, data entry and cleaning of enter data activities are on going through use of appropriate software programmes. Lessons learnt by the implementing organisation/s: The approach to this survey was methodically identified all project affected people including households and enterprises within the impact zone of Mine Development Area.
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